Do Tiger Muskie Reproduce?

Can a Tiger Muskie reproduce? No. It is a sterile fish. It is also a hybrid fish. However, it can appear in nature when a muskie and a northern pike crossbreed in the wild. This happens when a male of either species fertilizes the eggs from a female of the other species. When the hybrid fish was first discovered in the wild it was believed to be a separate species. But then scientist discovered how to crossbreed the muskie with the northern pike. That’s when they new the true origin of the tiger muskie. Nowadays, deliberate crossbreeding of this species by managers of fisheries is more common than the natural crossbreeding that produces the tiger muskie.

So why is this fish becoming so popular in our fisheries? The fact that they are sterile makes it easy to control their population. It also grows quickly and is a veracious eater, which makes it a great attraction for anglers. But, it is a very skittish fish. Talk to any angler who fishes for northern pike and tiger muskie; and they will tell you, tiger muskie are much harder to catch. There really is no concrete answer as to why. Maybe their just smarter. Who knows? But the fact that they are harder to catch just adds to the allure of this fish. These fish, with their veracious appetites, do a great job of keeping the non-game fish population under control.

Tiger muskies are often confused with the true “muskie.” This tends to happen because the size and shape of both fish are very similar. But the hybrid does have a distinctive look. The true muskie can have bars are stripes on the sides or no markings at all. But most anglers would agree, the true muskie, can’t hold a candle to the hybrid. And I’m talking about looks of course. The hybrid has beautiful tigerlike stripes on the sides that are set against a lighter back-round.

Anglers hold the naturally occurring hybrid in higher esteem than its parents because of its rarity, beautiful markings, and it is such a challenge to catch. The average length is three feet and the average weight is eleven pounds. If you ever catch one, don’t stick your fingers in its mouth, this fish comes with some sharp canine teeth.



Source by Jamie L Roberts

Terrorists Plan and Attack Soft Targets, What Do You Call It When Organized Unions Do That?

When it comes to hurting our economy exactly who is worse, International Terrorists of Large Unions? The reason I ask is simple, you see we are in a Presidential Election year, with less than 100-days to go, and the two candidates are talking about outsourcing American Jobs and debating why companies are leaving the US and seeking less hostile business environments; lower corporate taxes, few class action lawsuits, simpler regulations, and less grief from unions. Okay so let’s talk about who is really hurting our economy shall we?

There was an interesting article that appeared in News and World Report on September 7, 2015 titled: “With contract expiration nearing, UAW chief says he hasn’t picked an auto company to target,” by Tom Krisher, Associated Press Auto Writer – which stated:

“… UAW President Dennis Williams said Monday he’ll pick between Ford, General Motors and Fiat Chrysler,” and “Speaking after Detroit’s annual Labor Day parade, Williams didn’t address whether the contracts would be extended and gave no details about how the talks that cover about 140,000 workers are progressing; ‘Everybody says to me ‘Dennis, have you picked a target?’ Yes. General Motors, Ford and Chrysler,’ Williams said to applause during a post-parade speech. But afterward he told reporters that he would choose a single company by the time the current four-year contracts end.”

At the time of that article about one-year ago – The UAW (United Auto Workers) president stated he hasn’t decided, or THEY haven’t decided which car company to TARGET yet. WOW, any other sector in our economy and they’d face a Federal Indictment for conspiring in this way. I am pissed off with the double-standards we have in this Great Nation. It’s pathetic to allow the UAW to do this. Totally pathetic, Ayn Rand was right. Is this really about collective bargaining or is this about collective terrorizing.

And, what happens if companies don’t acquiesce? Simple, the union members will act like thugs, vandalize cars of “scabs” those workers who cross the picket lines, and harass management, part time workers and lobby to get government to come in and over regulate and fine the companies into exhaustion until they give up and pay up. Wow, so what is the definition of terrorism again?

“The use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims.”

Yep, that’s the definition and it sure fits these actions doesn’t it? So, if the democrats sponsor big labor unions, does that mean they are sponsoring terrorism? Well? Does it?



Source by Lance Winslow

How Do Successful Leaders Spell Survival

Did you know that the same skills used in Survival Situations are the

same skills needed for effective Leadership? The U.S. military uses

the word SURVIVAL as a mnemonic device to help its troops and leaders

remember right actions under fire. Visionary Leadership:

*S: Size up the Situation*. Survivalists know that they need to survey their environment before taking action. Today’s Successful Leaders

need to do the same. Unfortunately I have seen too many newly promoted

managers, so anxious to prove their worth , begin immediately making

changes before a careful business/organizational analysis. The result:

A disruption of customers and employees and often negative

consequences to the organization. Always conduct Intel, before

offering opinion or direction.

*U: *Undue Haste Makes Waste:* A companion to the S in Survival with

one additional rule pertaining to crisis situations. Did you know that

an angry or emotional person’s I.Q. drops 50%? How many leaders can

afford to lose that much brain power in their decision making? Rule of

thumb: Never make a business decision while in an emotionally charged

state and that includes addressing employees when you’re under

pressure or under fire.

*R: Remember where you are: *Always check that your decisions and

actions are in keeping with your organization’s mission statements,

values and key business objectives. Ask yourself on a regular basis.

“Is this the best use of my time to accomplish the overall

organization mission and strategic objectives?” If the answer is no,

re-think the task. It takes discipline for a leader to stay on point

and not get lost in the jungle. Remember, the best way to get found in

the wilderness is to focus on not getting lost in the first place.

Vision and Clear Goals are key.

*V: Vanquish Fear and Panic: *A running animal is a vulnerable animal.

Do you know leaders and managers who run around the office making

everyone crazy? Do they look like a leader who is cool and calm in a

crisis? I think not. Here’s a simple communication rule to improve

your leadership credibility rating. People who speak slower and wait 2

to 3 seconds to respond are considered much more credible. * *Use the

“Power of the Pause to your advantage”. If you find yourself cutting

people off in mid-sentence or running around frenetically in response

to pressure, both are warning signals to slow down and pause!

*I: Improvise: *Are you Solution Oriented or Problem Focused? Today’s

Successful leaders recognize they won’t always have the perfect world

and so become quickly known as the McGuiver’s in their organization.

The question is are you a Go-To or a Run- From Leader? A Go- To

leader, presents a solution for every problem presented.. A Run- From

leader whines about their lack of resources. You be the judge of which

category your organization would put you in.

*V: Value Living: *I have met the most brilliant people who are

unfortunately poor managers because they know little about those

around them who make things happen. If you value the life of your

employees, they will value their partnership with you.

*A*: *Act Like the Natives: *Recognize that empathy and finding common

ground with customers, employees, colleagues and upper management are

the key to your survival. Coming in like a tourist, telling the

natives what you do in their country won’t win you points in any camp.

*L: Learn Something New*—–Every day! Today’s successful leader

needs to be an information and learning machine. Stay up on best

practices, new consumer trends, competitors and yes, even pop culture.

Your adaptability to life’s ever changing conditions is the key to

your survival. Ever met someone who talks about the good ole days?

Chances are they’re not Leadership Survivors!

Rosemary Rein, is the Author of GO Wild! Go GREAT !Training Seminars

for Leadership and Customer Service. http://www.gowildgogreat.com, delivering keynote presentations and

1-day seminars in the United States, Canada and Latin America.

Email [email protected]

[email protected]



Source by Rosemary Rein

How Many Summers Do You Have Left?

Different things motivate different people. For some people it’s the threat of punishment if something is not done. For others it’s the promise of an award awaiting after hard work. Or, it can be a simple thing, such as changing one’s state or focus. One of the best motivational quotes I have heard in a long time is “How Many Summers Do You Have Left?”

This line was shared with me by a friend who is taking an entire one-month vacation this summer to be with his family – to not “do” anything and just “be” with them. Knowing that this friend has a crammed schedule as a CEO, I was very curious how he managed to get so much free time, and I asked him about it.

He said years ago he had a mentor who practiced this same annual ritual, of taking a one-month vacation with his family, and he had the same question of how this was possible.

His mentor’s response changed his life. It was: “How many more summers do you think you have left to enjoy?”

That one question inspired my friend to change everything, because he has a wife, kids, and grandkids. That question got him in touch with how much they mean to him, and how much he wants to spend quality time with them.

Even though I don’t have a wife or kids, I was equally impacted by this question, because there are many things that I am passionate about, and I am over 60 years old. I have a burning desire to inspire other people, so that their lives can be better. I feel this is my life purpose, and I don’t know how long I have to fulfill it.

Try it for yourself:

“How many more summers do I think I have left to… “

… do something you’ve secretly wanted to all your life

… not worry about what may happen

… start your dream business

… lose weight

… go on a retreat

… write a book

… travel

… etc…

And then, follow your heart.

Do not let other people hold you back from whatever you have chosen.

What if the person holding you back is yourself? If taking dedicating one month to your passion seems ludicrous and unreachable, it probably won’t happen! The secret to making this real is to feel, visualize, and know that is it real. You must be so certain that it will happen, that for you there is no other option. When you have this clarity, the universe with make it possible.



Source by Frank R Johnson

What Do I Do If I Receive a Notice of Deposition?

If you have just received Notice of Deposition, it is important to take it seriously. There are certain responsibilities expected of you, under law. Continue reading to learn what it means to receive this type of notice, what is expected of you, and what you need to do. Take comfort in knowing that you are not in any trouble, and you are already in the right place.

Understand the Meaning

A Notice of Deposition is simply a legal phrase that describes a formal meeting that involves a recorded interview under oath. If you received one, it means that you are being asked to provide answers under oath as a witness to a case. It is an official interview session that is used for two primary reasons: to learn what you know pertaining to the case in question, and as evidence for later use. Even if you have nothing to do with the lawsuit or parties involved, you can still be asked to come in for a deposition. The Indiana Rules of Trial Procedure allows it. Either parties in a lawsuit can have anyone provide a deposition 20 days after the lawsuit is filed.

What to Expect

During a deposition, you will be asked questions by a person called an examiner. They will ask you a succession of questions to see if you have any useful knowledge they can use as evidence to help their client win their case. This part may feel uncomfortable since some people describe it as an interrogation, but with the right knowledge, you can get through your deposition smoothly. Here are some important tips to remember to help you with your upcoming deposition date:

Get Prepared – You may want to think about hiring an attorney to protect your rights during the deposition. Even if you are not part of the lawsuit and simply a witness. They can also give you a mock session prior to the meeting that will help you prepare for what’s to come.

Stick to the Truth – Since you are under oath, it is important that you remain entirely truthful during the entire deposition process. Furthermore, be sure to only answer the question asked, and only answer what you know. Sticking to the truth will also make it easier to answer the examiner’s questions and reduce any anxiety.

Remain Calm and Cooperative – Never get defensive, combative, angry, or emotional during a deposition. Remain calm and professional, and refrain from raising your voice or arguing with the examiner.



Source by Sarahbeth Kluzinski

Why Do People Find It Difficult to Give?

Mother’s Day is celebrated in the month of May, though the United Kingdom celebrates Mum’s Day in March. Whichever month this very special day is celebrated, my topic today “It is Better to Give” reminds me of mums’ effortless giving. I haven’t known any mum who does not live by this motto, “It is better to give.”

I will not enumerate why this topic aptly applies to mums because I believe we all know that mums would give everything and anything for their children. Rather, I will enumerate some reasons why we sometimes refrain from giving. That is, we forget our mother instinct and emotions when it comes to giving to people other than our children.

Why do people sometimes find it difficult to give?

People find it difficult to give because of short-sightedness.

We must look beyond the short term; that is losing something when we give. We should think of the benefits that we will receive as we give today. A buyer asked for a discount but was rejected. Unknowingly the customer who asked for a discount intends to buy in bulk. Had the seller probed and developed a relationship with the customer, he could have known the possibilities of growing his business in the long term.

People find it hard to give because they think they deserve to hold on to what they’ve worked so hard for.

You refuse to give (share) part of your earnings to help the poor because you believe you deserve to enjoy what you worked hard for. True, but then giving is a way of acknowledging God’s gift to you – the gift of strength, wisdom, and good health to work.

People find it hard to give because they think that the recipient is not worthy of the gift. Are we worthy of God’s gift of talents and skills that allow us to earn a living or even build our wealth? If God were to hold His blessings depending on our worthiness, would anyone receive His blessings? In as much as God gives because He loves us, we must likewise do the same. We give not because of the worthiness of the recipient. Give because it is the right thing to do – to honor the deserving, to help the needy, to be a blessing, to show our love to God and to mankind.

People find it hard to give because they think they have nothing more to give.

You think you are not able to give much to your children. But you give more than material things to your children. You give them your love and your time. You are not able to give much benefit to your workers. But you give them importance and your time to advise them on any issues. You may not have the capacity to give financially now but look at the other resources that you have. Surely, you will find something to give to someone.

“It is more blessed to give than to receive” is worth thinking about and doing. As Proverbs 11:24 says, “One person gives freely, yet gains even more; another withholds unduly, but comes to poverty.” Why withhold giving if you will not become wealthy by withholding? Why withhold giving when your giving will give joy to someone? Give the way a mum gives to her children.



Source by Fade O Adenile

How Do Turtles Breathe?

Most vertebrates have a flexible rib cage that allows the lungs to expand and contract during breathing. Not so the turtles, who long ago traded away flexible ribs in favor of a fixed, protective shell. Various species of turtles have evolved different means of drawing air into their lungs. Turtles have also developed indirect ways of obtaining oxygen during times when they are sealed away from contact with the air, as when hibernating or remaining underwater.

In turtles, the lungs lie just beneath the carapace and above the other internal organs. The upper surface of the lungs attaches to the carapace itself, while the lower portion is joined to the viscera (heart, liver, stomach, and intestinal tract) by a skin of connective tissue known as diaphragmaticus. The viscera themselves are also contained within a membrane that attaches to the diaphragmaticus. Groups of muscles rhythmically change the volume of the abdominal cavity. One set of muscles moves the viscera upward, pushing air out of the lungs. Then other muscles contract, pulling the viscera away from the lungs, which lets the lungs expand and draw in air.

When turtles walk about, the motions of their forelimbs promote the suction and compression actions that ventilate the lungs. A turtle can change its lung volume simply by drawing its limbs inward, then extending them outward again: Turtles floating on top of the water often can be seen moving their legs in and out, which helps them breathe. A turtle pulled back inside its shell has no room in its lungs for air. At these and other times, turtles use different strategies to obtain oxygen.

One aid to respiration is the hyoid apparatus, a system of bony and cartilaginous rods located at the base of the tongue. Raising and lowering the hyoid apparatus causes a turtle’s throat to rise and fall, pulling in air. (In addition to promoting ventilation, this air movement allows a turtle to better use its sense of smell.) In the highly aquatic soft-shell turtles, the throat is lined with fingerlike projections of skin called villi, which are richly supplied with blood. The villi work like gills, expelling carbon dioxide and taking in oxygen from the water. To process oxygen rich water, a soft shell uses its hyoid apparatus to repeatedly fill and empty its throat in a process known as buccopharyngeal breathing. When underwater, a soft shell typically pumps water in and out about sixteen times per minute. Turtles that hibernate underwater also exchange gases through the throat lining, cycling the water inside the throat cavity several times each minute. Many turtles practice this method of breathing, and some turtles even take in oxygen through the cloaca.

Many of the details of turtles breathing remain unknown. What is clear however is that different kinds of turtles have evolved different methods of fulfilling their oxygen needs. Through evolution, they have gotten very good at obtaining this essential gas. As Ronald Orenstein notes in Turtles, Tortoises, and Terrapins: Survivors in Armor, turtles seem able to breathe “with the least amount of effort no matter what their circumstances.”



Source by Joseph Turturici

What to Do After Finding Out You Have Psoriasis

Most of the people do not realize they have psoriasis because they do not think this skin disease is more common. If you see your skin had some problem you should do some online research or get diagnosed by a dermatologist for finding out you have psoriasis or not.

When you get your diagnosis result that confirmed you have psoriasis, do you feel worried and sad about it? And do you think which options you must do now for treating it?

3 things you need to do after finding out you have psoriasis

The first thing you will do is remember the time you have the skin problem and find out what causes this disease. Figuring out the cause of your disease may be difficult. There is no one trigger of psoriasis and not everyone has the same source. Outbreaks can be caused by genetics, lifestyle, stress, the food you eat, the climate or medication.

You do not know which method will help you cure for psoriasis immediately, but if you can determine what brings on the outbreaks you can help yourself to stop the frequency.

Second thing, It’s a good idea to write down the daily activities and keep it carefully when you receive the first diagnosis of psoriasis. It may take time at the beginning, but in the long run it would be helpful for your treatment.

When you look at the log of daily activities as well as seeing the outbreak happen, you can analyze a little what the main triggers of your skin disease. Time after time, you will discover the source of your psoriasis so that you can then take steps to avoid them.

Finally, If you feel an outbreak coming on you should find a relief as soon as possible. Do not scratch or rub heavily if you want to bleed. The relief can be found by applying the fragrance-free moisturizer to the skin. Take a mineral bath or olive oil. Use baking soda powder to paste and slather on the sore spots or wrap it wet.

You can gently rub Aloe Vera on the sore spots to ease the pain and inflammation. Lotion many times throughout the day is the most important activity you should do regularly to keep the skin is moisturized. It will help you prevent outbreaks and relieve the patches, dry areas.

Figuring out you have been diagnosed of psoriasis is the first step, since then you need to do something to help yourself relieving the disease momentarily. Moreover, you should find the right method to cure your psoriasis to get back the normal and healthy life.



Source by Maria Calire

Chicken Coop: What Size Chicken Coop Do I Need?

There are 5 key items to consider when determining what size chicken coop you need.

Space: How much space do you have? Do you live in an area where you have many acres available or do you live in an area where you juts have a backyard. Backyard chicken coops are becoming increasingly popular. Here are the size requirements per chicken:

3 to 4 square feet per chicken in the coop (minimum)

10 square feet per chicken in the run

250 square feet for free range chickens

City and/or County Ordinances: Make sure you check with the city and or county because they may have certain restrictions or limitations. You may find restrictions like height or size limitations. Some cities may not allow you to raise chickens.

Number of Chickens: We have determined that our city does allow us to raise chickens. Now that we know the space requirements per chicken we can determine how many birds we can have. It is recommended that you raise at least 3 chickens. So we have decided we want 4 chickens. Most backyard owners have between 4 to 10 chickens. Always keep in mind that the number you start with has a tendency to get larger rather than smaller. The majority of people that have backyard Chickens really enjoy the experience. So if you set everything up correctly in the beginning you should have the same positive experience.

Size of the Coop: Our chicken coop should be at least 12 to 16 square feet. The run should be 40 square feet. For 4 chickens this would be a total of 52 to 56 square feet. This would require an area approximately 6′ X 10′. If you want more chickens consider the space you have available and determine your size accordingly. If you are going to allow the chickens to be open range during the day, space will be a factor if you are having backyard chickens.

Safety: Is your chicken coop and run free from predators? Dogs, Raccoons and other animals will dig under the fence to get to your chickens. You need to consider building the fence into the ground to avoid burrowing by predators. You could consider pouring a concrete foundation under the fence line. You will want at least 2 1/2 feet clearance between the bottom of your coop and the ground. This has many advantages and can provide a shade for your chickens during the hot days.

Chicken coops come in all styles and sizes. You can build a simple square box type house or you can have a very stylish house with a fabulous architectural design. You also might want to consider a “Kit” instead of cutting your own lumber.



Source by Sam Stalvey

Coronavirus: What To Do?

While there are many pieces to the COVID 19 puzzle, and I certainly cannot address them all, I would like to give you first some practical advice, then explain the science behind it, and lastly, relate it to a somewhat more philosophical argument.

So, what to do in the context of the coronavirus to protect our health (apart from washing hands and self-isolating)? I suggest we go back to basics, namely: water, air, sun and earth. These are basic resources, available freely from nature. As an aside: notice that even where these basic natural energy resources were not available until recently due to environmental pollution, the drastic measures we have been taking to minimize the spread of the coronavirus have actually allowed us to enjoy clearer waters, blue skies and fresher air (which Europeans can breathe from their balconies).

Now, let us look at how water, air, sun and earth might interact with your body, strengthen it, and help our immune system in these times of pandemic (but also in general). We all know that the body is mostly water (in fact, something like 99.2% of the human body is/should be water). We also know that babies are hydrated the most, while older people are the most dehydrated part of the population. And we know that as we age, we not only become progressively dehydrated but our immune system also declines. Note though that dehydration-weaker immune system may not be a direct causal relationship, or at least not the only direct causal relationship playing out. Nevertheless, it is hard to overlook the robust correlation between hydration and immune system function. In fact, a similar correlation can be observed in the function of many other body parts and process. Thus, it is not a secret that dehydration often goes together with asthma, constipation, poor lymphatic drainage, migraines, chronic joint pain, fatigue, and so on.

On the face of it, there is no doubt that hydration is perhaps the number 1 factor we need to take care of if we want to take care of our health. But you probably knew that already. What you may have not known, however, is that earth energy, oxygen and light help hydration on a cellular level. Without grounding through the Earth, light from the Sun and oxygen from the Air, you can drink as much water as you want, and still remain dehydrated (and perhaps bloated on the top of that).

Now, what is so special about grounding, oxygen and light such that it helps our cells absorb water? Simplistically, for the absorption to happen there has to be movement of the water (in and out of the cell through the cell membrane). In other words, water needs to circulate. And it does so by separating itself into negative and positive charges. Where water touches cell membranes, it forms the so called exclusion zone, or EZ water (this is negatively charged water which excludes toxins and waste). The rest is positive. The negatively charged water enters the cells (and is able to do so because of the charge separation). Once inside the cell, the water starts to drive numerous biochemical reactions (thanks to the negative charge), including such that pertain to repair and regeneration. The positively charged water is excreted through exhalation, urination, sweat, etc. In a nutshell, the more charge separation occurs in the water in the body, and the more negatively charged water is being created, the more efficiently the body functions. Importantly, grounding Earth energy, oxygen and light (especially the infra-red spectrum which, by the way, is commonly blocked by glass) all contribute to the charge separation and the formation of EZ water (i.e. negatively charger water) thus helping you stay hydrated and boosting your immune system function, among many other things.

To conclude, Back TO Basics is perhaps one of the infinitely many lessons we may be able to extract from the coronavirus crisis. In the context of apparent shortage of supplies and resources (masks, disinfectants, vitamin C, medical personnel, etc.), Nature is still here to offer us its infinite energy sources: water, air, sun and earth. So it is time to be with Nature. Of course, those who have a back yard are way more fortunate than the ones stuck on the balconies but this in itself is an opportunity to re-evaluate the choices we have made and perhaps simplify life in order to achieve happiness.



Source by Vyara Bridgeman